Main cities: The port city of Conakry (pop. 2000000 ) is the country’s capital. . The capital of Upper Guinea is Kankan (pop. 190000 ). It lies inland, in the Malinké heartland. Kankan has hospitals and universities, but no electricity supply (only generators). The main mode of transport is motorbikes.
Mineral resources: Guinea is the world’s largest exporter of bauxite and is rich in minerals (gold, diamonds). In 1996 the world’s largest deposit of lead was discovered in Mount Simandou. For more information, see www.jeuneafrique.com
Religion: Guinea has a population of around 12.5 million. 89% are Muslim, 7% animists, 8% Christian.
Theofficial language is French. There are three main languages: Sousou (11%), Peul (35%) and Malinké (30%).
Life expectancy: Nationally, life expectancy is 58 years (2013). 77% of the population is illiterate. Read more …
Settled and nomadic peoples: The nomadic Peul people in Fouta Djallon are mostly cattle herders. The settled Malinké are mostly farmers.
Neighbouring countries: Sénégal, Mali, Ivory Coast, Guinea Bissau, Liberia und Sierra Leone.
However, the catastrophic economic policy of the dictators has left its mark:
The telephone system is dilapidated and works only sporadically – even in the centre of the capital. There are only two main roads that cross the capital. The rest of the roads, even in the inland areas, are nothing more than dirt tracks and full of potholes. There is no local public transport – neither busses nor trams, which means that the cities have to deal with traffic chaos on a daily basis. There is no sewage system – the gutters are full of mud, rubbish, and plastic bags, leading repeatedly to outbreaks of disease. Rubbish collection services have been privatized, and although relatively inexpensive, is still unaffordable for most families as they struggle to find enough money for food. Thus, the city has turned into an immense mountain of rubbish consisting predominantly of plastic bags.
The Second Period of Office for Dr. Alpha Condé
Alpha Condé was re-elected in 2015 with 57% of the votes, which helped to stabilize the democratic development of the country. Shortly after his re-election, the outbreak of Ebola struck. The battle against this epidemic was extremely costly, significantly weakening economic growth and infrastructure improvements. Although Guinea has the world’s largest reserves of bauxite and iron, as well as large deposits of gold and diamonds, the country remains one of Africa’s poorest countries.
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Barrage Kaleta (2012–15), Barrage Souapiti (2016–2019). Video
Mountains of rubbish in Conakry
Inflation has not risen since the presidential election in 2010. In addition, as a result of the transparent economic policies of president Alpha Condé, the IMF cancelled 66%. of the country’s debt. The country is now in a gradual process of economic stabilization.The domestic economic situation
Plaza Diamant (luxury residential development, build by Chinese investors)